“What is Bitcoin? I don’t understand how fake money works.”
These were the words of my 9-year-old last week.
Let me try to help him, and you, out.
Bitcoin is not fake money. It’s digital, or virtual, currency, created in 2009 by an unknown person using the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. It’s used for online transactions—some legitimate (Microsoft, Overstock), and some not legitimate (ransomware, dark web purchases).
Because the IRS treats Bitcoin as property, it’s very likely that the DOL will not consider it “cash” or a “negotiable instrument” (i.e., a paycheck) for purposes of wage payments.
Thus, if you are not properly paying your employees under the FLSA, you have failed to pay them a minimum wage (a big FLSA no-no), no matter how valuable the bitcoins you’re providing may be.
Let me offer one more wage/hour Bitcoin thought. If you and your employees are really into the idea of payment via cryptocurrency, consider offering it as a bonus payments. But, again, tread carefully. Bonuses can be considered part of an employee’s regular rate of pay for purposes of overtime calculations (even if made in kind).
Unless the payment—
- is made as a discretionary gift; and
- is not correlated to hours worked, production achieved, or efficiency attained